2015 Volume 22 Issue 10 Pages 1040-1050
Aim: Arterial stiffness assessed by brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) is predictive of cardiovascular events. This study was designed to investigate whether baPWV has an additional prognostic value to single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD).
Methods: A total of 350 subjects (age, 66.2±10.5 years, 53.4% male) with suspected CAD undergoing myocardial SPECT and baPWV within 30 days were retrospectively analyzed. Cardiovascular events, including cardiovascular death, acute coronary syndrome and ischemic stroke, were assessed. Both fixed and reversible perfusion defects on SPECT were considered abnormal myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) findings.
Results: During the median follow-up period of 441 days (interquartile range 169–719 days), cardiovascular events occurred in 21 patients (6.0%). In multivariable Cox regression analysis, abnormal MPI [hazard ratio (HR), 2.67; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.21–10.37; p=0.024] and high baPWV (≥1,790 cm/s) (HR, 2.03; 95% CI, 1.08–6.38; p=0.007) were independent predictors of clinical events even after adjusting for possible confounders. Also, high baPWV had an incremental prognostic value to traditional risk factors and abnormal MPI in predicting cardiovascular events (overall Chi-square, from 24.08 to 27.42; p＜0.001). Kaplan–Meier survival curves stratified by baPWV and MPI proved significantly improved prediction of cardiovascular events (log-rank p=0.001).
Conclusions: baPWV has an incremental prognostic value to traditional risk factors and MPI. Therefore, baPWV can be used to identify subjects at higher risk of cardiovascular events in patients undergoing SPECT.