Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Online ISSN : 1880-3873
Print ISSN : 1340-3478
ISSN-L : 1340-3478
Original Article
Effects of Body Mass Index on the Lipid Profile and Biomarkers of Inflammation and a Fibrinolytic and Prothrombotic State
Esteban Orenes-PiñeroJavier PinedaVanessa RoldánDiana Hernández-RomeroPascual MarcoAntonio Tello-MontoliuFrancisco SogorbMariano ValdésGregory Y.H. LipFrancisco Marín
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JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

2015 Volume 22 Issue 6 Pages 610-617

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Abstract

Aim: Both an overweight status and obesity are associated with high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of obesity on different underlying mechanisms, i.e. inflammation, fibrinolysis and a prothrombotic state, in a young high-risk population in the Mediterranean area.
Methods: The study population included 237 subjects (median age: 44 years). We recorded the presence of cardiovascular risk factors and premature ischaemic heart disease and performed weight stratification using the body mass index (BMI) according to the established World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. We also measured the serum/plasma lipid, fibrinogen, D-dimer, von Willebrand factor, tissue plasminogen activator antigen (t-PA), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 antigen (PAI-1) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP-hs) levels in samples of peripheral blood.
Results: The subjects with premature ischaemic heart disease and hypertension had higher BMI values (p<0.01), and the subjects with an increased weight showed an unadjusted detrimental lipid profile, with a proinflammatory, prothrombotic state and abnormal fibrinolytic parameters. According to a multivariate analysis, the HDL-cholesterol (r2=0.176; p<0.001), t-PA antigen (r2=0.235; p<0.001), PAI-1 antigen (r2=0.164; p<0.001) and CRP-hs (r2=0.096; p=0.019) levels were significantly related to the weight stratification.
Conclusions: A high BMI is a common finding in young populations at high risk of cardiovascular disease. In the current study, the patients with an increased BMI demonstrated an unhealthy lipid profile, as well as a proinflammatory and prothrombotic state and abnormal fibrinolytic parameters.

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この記事はクリエイティブ・コモンズ [表示 - 非営利 - 継承 4.0 国際]ライセンスの下に提供されています。
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/deed.ja
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