2016 Volume 23 Issue 8 Pages 932-939
Aim: Because the prevalence of hyperuricemia is lower in females than in males, the association between hyperuricemia and cardiovascular disease has been frequently reported in females. Increased serum uric acid levels are associated with the presence of cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension, renal dysfunction, insulin resistance, and metabolic syndrome. However, it is controversial whether hyperuricemia is an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease in both the genders. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between serum uric acid levels and coronary plaque components assessed using integrated backscatter intravascular ultrasound (IB-IVUS) in males and females.
Methods: In total, 385 patients (298 males and 87 females) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention using IB-IVUS were divided into three groups in each gender according to their serum uric acid levels. We characterized tissue from coronary plaques in culprit lesions.
Results: Serum uric acid levels significantly correlated with percent lipid volume (r=0.37) and inversely correlated with percent fibrous volume (r=－0.35). Multivariate analysis showed that the uric acid level was independently associated with lipid-rich plaques (odds ratio 2.43, 95%, confidence interval 1.75–3.47). The prevalence of lipid-rich plaques increased with increasing uric acid levels in both genders.
Conclusion: Increased serum uric acid levels were associated with larger lipid content plaques in both genders.