2018 Volume 25 Issue 10 Pages 1009-1021
Aim: We aimed to investigate the association between reduced lung function and cerebral small vessel diseases via cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the cross-sectional study of the general Japanese population.
Methods: We recruited participants aged ≥40 years from the general population of a single city in Japan. We clarified the comorbidities and treatments, smoking habits, second-hand smoke exposure, current alcohol consumption, education level, exercise habits, and occupation. The pulmonary function test was performed to assess the forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) % predicted and forced vital capacity (FVC) % predicted values. Cranial MRI was performed to evaluate the white matter lesions (WMLs) and lacunar infarcts. We examined the association of the WMLs and lacunar infarcts with a 1-standard deviation (SD) lower in the FEV1 % predicted and FVC % predicted, on the basis of the smoking status.
Results: A total of 473 men were examined. The association of WMLs and lacunar infarcts with the spirometry-based indices were significant only in never smokers. The association between lung function impairment and cerebral small vessel disease did not change after further adjusting for second-hand smoke exposure.
Conclusion: In a community-based sample of Japanese men, we found an association between reduced lung function and WMLs and lacunar infarcts in never smokers.