2019 Volume 26 Issue 7 Pages 659-669
Aim: Cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) reflects arterial stiffness and has been established as a useful surrogate marker of atherosclerosis. Contrary to the abundant data indicating slower progression of atherosclerosis with statins, studies on fibrates remain scarce. The aim of this study was thus to clarify the effect of bezafibrate on CAVI as well as on oxidative stress.
Methods: A randomized, open-label, controlled study was performed. 66 hypertriglyceridemic patients with type 2 diabetes were assigned to two groups: bezafibrate (400 mg/day) group and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA 1.8 g/day) group. Patients were administered the respective treatment for 12 weeks. CAVI, glycolipid metabolic parameters, and diacron-reactive oxygen metabolites (d-ROMs) were evaluated before and after the study period.
Results: Serum triglycerides (TG), remnant-like particle cholesterol (RLP-C), fasting plasma glucose, HbA1c and d-ROMs decreased, while HDL-cholesterol increased significantly in the bezafibrate group but did not change in the EPA group. The decreases in TG, RLP-C, HbA1c and d-ROMs were significantly greater in the bezafibrate group than in the EPA group. CAVI decreased significantly only in the bezafibrate group and the decrease was significantly greater in bezafibrate group than in EPA group. Simple regression analysis showed no significant relationship between the change in CAVI and changes in other variables. Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified high baseline CAVI, low HDL-cholesterol level, and bezafibrate administration as significant independent predictors of CAVI decrease.
Conclusion: Bezafibrate treatment ameliorates arterial stiffness accompanied by improvement of glycolipid metabolism and oxidative stress. These effects potentially have important beneficial health consequences in hypertriglyceridemic patients with type 2 diabetes.