Article ID: 30015
Aim: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) may lead to reduced concentrations of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and its subfractions (HDL2 and HDL3), and damage them via inflammation and oxidative stress. The present study aimed to determine the contribution of such changes to cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with CKD.
Methods: The levels of total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HDL-C, HDL2, HDL3, apolipoproteins, malondialdehyde-modified LDL (MDA-LDL), oxidized (ox) HDL, oxHDL2, and oxHDL3 were measured in blood samples from patients with CKD (stages 2–5, n=86) who were not on dialysis and from patients undergoing hemodialysis (CKD stage 5D, n=25). The patients were followed up for 28±9 months after baseline examinations and CVD events were recorded.
Result: The levels of HDL3 and ApoA1 in HDL3 fraction decreased according to CKD severity, whereas those of HDL2 and ApoA1 in HDL2 fraction did not differ. The levels of oxHDL were similar across CKD stages. The levels of oxHDL3 and MDA-LDL were decreased, whereas those of oxHDL2 increased according to CKD severity. Multivariate analyses using the Cox proportional hazards model selected high levels of oxHDL and its subfractions, and those adjusted with HDL-C and HDL subfractions or ApoA1 in HDL fractions respectively, compared with HDL-C and HDL subfractions or ApoA1 in HDL fractions alone as independent risk factors for CVD events.
Conclusion: The levels of HDL subfractions and their oxidized subfraction particles differed among patients with CKD. The increasing levels of oxHDL subfractions might cause a high frequency of CVD events in such patients.