Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Online ISSN : 1880-3873
Print ISSN : 1340-3478
ISSN-L : 1340-3478

This article has now been updated. Please use the final version.

A Low Arginine/Ornithine Ratio is Associated with Long-Term Cardiovascular Mortality
Yuki IshinodaNobuyuki MasakiYasuhiro HitomiAkira TaruokaAkane KawaiMidori IwashitaYusuke YumitaKazuki KagamiRisako YasudaYasuo IdoTakumi ToyaYukinori IkegamiTakayuki NambaYuji NagatomoKoji MiyazakiBonpei TakaseTakeshi Adachi
Author information
JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS Advance online publication

Article ID: 63779


Aims: The long-term prognostic value of the bioavailability of L-arginine, an important source of nitric oxide for the maintenance of vascular endothelial function, has not been investigated fully. We therefore investigated the relationship between amino acid profile and long-term prognosis in patients with a history of standby coronary angiography.

Methods: We measured the serum concentrations of L-arginine, L-citrulline, and L-ornithine by high-speed liquid chromatography. We examined the relationship between the L-arginine/L-ornithine ratio and the incidence of all-cause death, cardiovascular death, and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in 262 patients (202 men and 60 women, age 65±13 years) who underwent coronary angiography over a period of ≤ 10 years.

Results: During the observation period of 5.5±3.2 years, 31 (12%) patients died, including 20 (8%) of cardiovascular death, while 32 (12%) had MACEs. Cox regression analysis revealed that L-arginine/L-ornithine ratio was associated with an increased risk for all-cause death (unadjusted hazard ratio, 95% confidence interval) (0.940, 0.888–0.995) and cardiovascular death (0.895, 0.821–0.965) (p<0.05 for all). In a mod el adjusted for age, sex, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, current smoking, renal function, and log10-transformed brain natriuretic peptide level, cardiovascular death (0.911, 0.839–0.990, p=0.028) retained an association with a low L-arginine/ L-ornithine ratio. When the patients were grouped according to an L-arginine/L-ornithine ratio of 1.16, the lower L-arginine/L-ornithine ratio group had significantly higher incidence of all-cause death, cardiovascular death, and MACEs.

Conclusion: A low L-arginine/L-ornithine ratio may be associated with increased 10-year cardiac mortality.

Content from these authors

この記事はクリエイティブ・コモンズ [表示 - 非営利 - 継承 4.0 国際]ライセンスの下に提供されています。