Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Online ISSN : 1880-3873
Print ISSN : 1340-3478
ISSN-L : 1340-3478
Plasma Levels of Platelet-Derived Microparticles in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome
Keiko MaruyamaEriko MorishitaAkiko SekiyaMika OmoteTadaaki KadonoHidesaku AsakuraMasami HashimotoMasako KobayashiYasuto NakatsumiShigeo TakadaShigeki Ohtake
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JOURNALS FREE ACCESS Advance online publication

Article ID: 8565

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Abstract

Aim: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) has been associated with high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and patients suffer from repeated episodes of hypoxia. Platelet-derived microparticles (PDMPs) are released via platelet activation by various agonists, including inflammatory cytokines or high shear stress. Plasminogen activator inhibitor -1 (PAI-1) is a fibrinolytic marker and soluble fibrin (SF) is a coagulation activation marker. We examined plasma levels of PDMPs, PAI-1 and SF in patients with OSAS. We also examined the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on plasma levels of PDMPs.
Methods: Full polysomnography (PSG) monitoring was performed on 27 patients. The apneahypopnea index (AHI) of 5 events/h or less than 30 events/h indicated mild to moderate OSAS, and an AHI of 30 events/h or more indicated severe OSAS. Plasma levels of PDMPs were measured using an ELISA kit, and PAI and SF were determined by a latex immunoassay. In addition, the effects of CPAP treatment were studied in 7 patients.
Result: The plasma level of PDMPs was significantly higher in patients with severe OSAS (15.8±10.4 U/mL) than normal controls (10.8±7.1 U/mL, p < 0.05) and patients with mild to moderate OSAS (9.2±3.5 U/mL, p < 0.05). The plasma levels of PDMPs correlated with the AHI (r = 0.39, p < 0.05). In addition, CPAP treatment decreased the plasma level of PDMPs (11.9±5.6 U/mL to 6.7±3.2 U/mL, p < 0.05).
Conclusions: Patients with OSAS might be at increased cardiovascular risk due to elevated PDMPs. Moreover a decrease in the plasma level of PDMPs by treatment with CPAP might reduce cardiovascular risk.

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この記事はクリエイティブ・コモンズ [表示 - 非営利 - 継承 4.0 国際]ライセンスの下に提供されています。
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/deed.ja
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