1994 Volume 1 Issue 1 Pages 41-44
The effect of protease inhibitors, leupeptin and pepstatin A, on the metabolism of acetylated low density lipoprotein (acetyl-LDL) was investigated in cultured rat peritoneal macrophages and compared with that of chloroquine. While both leupeptin and pepstatin inhibited the proteolytic degradation of 125I-acetyl-LDL, a combination of both showed an additive effect. Similar to chloroquine, both protease inhibitors diminished [3H] oleate incorporation into cellular cholesteryl [3H] oleate and increased cholesterol content of macrophages. These results suggest that both thiol protease and cathepsin D participate in the physiological degradation of apolipoprotein in macrophages. The inhibition of apolipoprotein degradation seemed to have an effect on cholesterol metabolism in macrophages cultured with acetyl-LDL.