JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING OF JAPAN
Print ISSN : 0021-9592
Research Papers
Effect of Salt on the Property of Adsorption in Thermosensitive Polymer Hydrogel
Yoshimi SeidaYoshio Nakano
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1996 Volume 29 Issue 5 Pages 767-772

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Abstract

The effect of salt (NaCl, MgCl2, LiCl, NH4Cl, Na2SO4, MgSO4, (NH4)2SO4) on the adsorption properties of thermosensitive N-isopropylacrylamide hydrogel was studied using hydrophobic organic molecules as adsorbate. The effect of salt on the adsorption properties of the gel was evaluated in terms of the phase transition temperature Tp of the gel and the structure of water in the solution.
The addition of salt increased the amount of adsorption of organic molecules onto the gel, while decreasing the phase transition temperature Tp of the gel. The addition of salt containing Cl ions gave the gel larger adsorption capacity without decreasing the Tp of the gel significantly. On the contrary, the addition of salt containing SO42– ions increased the amount of adsorption, while decreasing the Tp of the gel substantially. The addition of salt affected enormously the structure of water in the salt solution. The amount of adsorption was enhanced with increasing fraction of bound water in the salt solution. The fraction of bound water in the solution containing Cl ions was larger than that in the solution containing SO42– ions so that the amount of adsorption increased effectively in the solution containing Cl ions. The effect of salt on the adsorption properties of thermosensitive polymer hydrogel is determined by both the Tp of the gel and the structure of water in the salt solution.

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© 1996 The Society of Chemical Engineers, Japan
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