2016 Volume 49 Issue 2 Pages 136-143
MCM-41 (#41 Mobil Composition of Matter) is a favorable material for heterogeneous reactions because of its unique porous structure. However, the catalytic activity of MCM-41 for the oxidative dehydrogenation (ODH) of isobutane to isobutene is known to be quite low. In the present study, a metal-doping method was employed to improve this catalytic activity. Doping of Cr, Co, Ni, or Mo into MCM-41 resulted in a great improvement in the catalytic activity. Since chromium-doped MCM-41 (Cr-MCM-41) showed the greatest catalytic activity among these catalysts, its redox property was further analyzed via XPS, XAFS and H2-TPR techniques. The XPS spectrum of Cr-MCM-41 suggested that it has Cr3+ and Cr6+ species on its surface. Also, a pre-edge peak due to Cr6+ species was confirmed in the XANES spectrum of Cr-MCM-41. In H2-TPR measurement, Cr-MCM-41 was more reducible than crystalline Cr2O3, which showed low catalytic activity for the ODH of isobutane. The reducible Cr6+ species on Cr-MCM-41 contributed to an improvement in the catalytic activity of MCM-41.