2021 Volume 54 Issue 5 Pages 207-212
In order to improve the performance of Lithium-ion secondary batteries (LiBs) for electric vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles, it is very important to understand the internal transport phenomena and resistance under a high rate condition to increase power density. Especially, it is important to focus on the actual porous electrode structure, and the Li ion and electron conductivity have to be evaluated by the effective conductive path with the actual electrode material properties. Thus, the numerical simulation of electrochemical reaction and mass transport in the electrode layer are needed to design a heterogeneous porous structure which consists of active material, conductive material and binder. Then, the values of parameters in this model are essential for accuracy of it. However, some parameters cannot be measured precisely in experiment, especially, reaction rate constant, tortuosity of the separator, Li+ diffusion coefficient, and transport number in the electrolyte are treated as literature values or ex-situ results. In this study, we established a method of identifying these parameters by using experimental data in various conditions and a complex method. Further, this approach was applied to 1D LiB simulation. Fitting the experimental data of some SOC and some discharge rate conditions was carried out. Additionally, RMSE (Root Mean Square Error) to judge this fitting was evaluated. From these results, it was concluded that the parameters can be identified. In addition, with the identified parameters, the optimal electrode structure for a high-output power density cell was designed automatically.