1988 Volume 21 Issue 3 Pages 272-276
The effects of operating conditions on mechanical water entrainment into W/O emulsion drops in a (W/O)/W emulsion system were studied in a stirred tank in the absence of permeation due to osmotic pressure.
The water entrainment was influenced by surfactant concentration, water volume fraction in W/O emulsion, inner water drop size, salt concentration in the external water phase, and agitation speed in the stirred tank. There was a satisfactory correlation between the extent of water entrainment and the weight of surfactant per unit interfacial area. These observations suggested that water entrainment proceeded as a result of additional emulsification at the drop surface. This idea was confirmed by examining the water entrainment in an oil-water dispersion system where water entrainment occurred by ernulsification. The effects of the operating conditions on water entrainment in the oil-water dispersion system were quite similar to those in the (W/O)/W emulsion system. In addition, the volume of water entrained per unit surface area of dispersed oil drops was in fair agreement with that in the (W/O)/W emulsion system. These results supported the proposed mechanism of water entrainment.