Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan
Online ISSN : 1882-1022
Print ISSN : 0914-5400
ISSN-L : 0914-5400
Morphology Control of Phase-Separation Texture by Elongation of Two-Liquids Immiscible Melt in Fe3O4-SiO2 System
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2000 Volume 108 Issue 1261 Pages 813-817


The existence of a liquid-liquid miscibility gap in Fe3O4-SiO2 system has been reported. In this study, phaseseparated glasses of 5Fe3O4⋅95SiO2 (mol%) were prepared by melting sintered rods of the same composition at 1800°C (in immiscible region) using an infrared imaging furnace and, subsequently, quenching with elongation of the melts at a constant rate. The glass quenched without elongation exhibited a binodal type phase separation texture consisting of discrete spherical Fe3O4-rich particles. On the contrary, in the sample quenched with elongation, Fe3O4-rich particles were stretched and oriented along the direction of elongation. The length of the stretched particles was proportional to the elongation distance and was not independent of the elongation rate within short elongation distance. However, the stretching of the particles was less pronounced for the long elongation ranges. This suggests that the spherical particles grown by phase separation in the binodal region, were stretched by viscous flow in the early stage of elongation and the stretching in the latter stage was reduced by restoration due to viscoelastic behavior and/or to a steep increase of viscosity. The deformation and orientation of phase separation texture could be achieved in this process, though this deformation proceeded under non-equilibrium conditions. Therefore, the operated elongation process of two-liquid immiscible melts may enable one to fabricate high-functional composite materials owing to morphology control of phase separation texture.

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