2018 Volume 126 Issue 10 Pages 820-825
The crystallization behavior of bismuth borate glass in hydrogen argon mixed atmosphere was examined. When the 70B2O3–30Bi2O3 glass prepared by the melt quenching method was heat treated in a 5% hydrogen-95% argon atmosphere, spherical bismuth metal particles were formed in the glass matrix at 380°C, which is higher than glass transition temperature at 336°C and close to crystallization temperature at 399°C. As increase of heat treatment temperature, the diameter of bismuth grain was increased. Electrochemical activity of bismuth metal containing glass-ceramics was also evaluated as a negative electrode in lithium ion battery. Suppression of irreversible capacity at initial cycle due to lithium insertion was successfully performed by reductive heat treatment for crystallization of bismuth metal into glass matrix.