Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan
Online ISSN : 1348-6535
Print ISSN : 1882-0743
ISSN-L : 1348-6535
Feature: Cutting edge researches on electroceramics, 2017: Full papers
In-situ electric field induced lattice strain response observation in BiFeO3–BaTiO3 lead-free piezoelectric ceramics
Sangwook KIMGopal Prasad KHANALHyun-Wook NAMMinsu KIMIchiro FUJIIShintaro UENOChikako MORIYOSHIYoshihiro KUROIWASatoshi WADA
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2018 Volume 126 Issue 5 Pages 316-320

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Abstract

The electric field-dependent crystal structures and electrical properties were investigated in the 0.67BiFeO3–0.33BaTiO3 (BF33BT) lead-free piezoelectric ceramics. The room temperature synchrotron radiation X-ray diffraction (SR-XRD) patterns measured, without the application of an electric field, revealed all the peaks to be single suggesting the cubic like crystal structure of the BF33BT system. The domain switching was ascertained in the PE hysteresis loop and SE curve meanwhile, SR-XRD patterns exhibited beyond doubt single peak. In order to study the electric field induced structural phase transition, SR-XRD was measured in BF33BT ceramics as a function of electric field. The electric field applied up to 40 kV/cm with bipolar cycling was parallel along the longitudinal lattice response direction that was similar for the piezoelectric response measuring method. The shift of SR-XRD peaks to lower and/or higher angle in comparison to the peak position of zero field-SR-XRD was found to depend on the direction and intensity of the applied electric field. The peak shape under maximum electric field was quite same that of SR-XRD patterns at zero electric field. Importantly, the single peak shape was maintained for all the SR-XRD measured under the electric field. Therefore, the electric field induced structural phase transition did not occur in the BF33BT ceramics.

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© 2018 The Ceramic Society of Japan
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