2021 Volume 129 Issue 9 Pages 561-565
Atomic structure of the surfaces in commercial 3 mol % yttria-doped tetragonal zirconia (TZP) nano-particulate powders were studied by atomic resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), and the surface segregation of Y were investigated by STEM energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) at atomic scale. STEM-EDS observations revealed that the Y cations tend to segregate on the top surface layer, forming a monolayer segregation structure. Static lattice calculations revealed that the surface segregation of Y is energetically favorable. These results indicate that Y surface segregation occurs in the TZP powders, which might partially account for the grain boundary segregation in the sintered body of TZP ceramics.