Journal of Fluid Science and Technology
Online ISSN : 1880-5558
ISSN-L : 1880-5558
Pattern Formation of Hollow Drops from Final Breakup of a Hollow Jet
Truong V. VUHideyuki TAKAKURAJohn C. WELLSTakashi MINEMOTO
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2011 Volume 6 Issue 6 Pages 823-837


An experimental investigation on the formation and breakup of a hollow jet issuing from a coaxial nozzle into ambient air has been carried out. The hollow jet consists of an outer jet of water that encloses an inner jet of argon gas. By varying the flow rate ratio of the inner jet to the outer jet, three different breakup patterns of hollow water jets are identified using two types of nozzles: (I) mixed hollow and simple drop formation, (II) single-core hollow drop formation, and (III) multi-core hollow drop formation. These patterns are mapped in a space of Weber number versus flow rate ratio, We-Q. Experimental results in pattern (II) show that increasing the flow rate ratio results in increasing the formation frequency, slightly increasing outer diameters of the hollow drops, and decreasing their wall thickness.

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© 2011 by The Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers
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