2012 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 89-99
Plasma synthetic jet actuator (PSJA) is a flow control device which has structure that insulator is tucked with electrode pair. It generates electrohydrodynamic (EHD) effect and induces a flow. The experiment was held to investigate the effect of flow control using extremum seeking with PSJA placed on the surface of NACA0012 wing installed in the wind tunnel. Frequency of the input signal to PSJA is modulated to maximize the effect of PSJA in flow control. The wake velocity fluctuation is one of indexes on separation control effect. The wake velocity is minimized over the input frequency by employing extremum seeking. The seeking algorithm calculates the correlation of the modulation frequency and wake velocity fluctuation. The modulation signal frequency where the correlation changes from negative to positive minimizes the wake velocity fluctuation. To detect a local minimum of the wake velocity fluctuation by extremum seeking, it is necessary to change the modulation signal frequency with time. Sine and square waves change the modulation signal frequency to PSJA. The wind tunnel speed was changed as an external factor. The experimental results show that the modulation signal frequency can track the optimum value when the wind tunnel speed is changed. This paper shows that adaptive flow control to optimize the modulation signal frequency with PSJA using extremum seeking enables to suppress turbulence on the flow field of wings.