2001 Volume 42 Issue 4 Pages 417-423
Symptomatic bradyarrhythmia occurs most often in aged patients. Most of these patients have multiple coronary risk factors and present with angina-like symptoms. The coexistence of CAD not only has major effects on their prognosis but also influences the long-term care. This study was designed to evaluate the incidence of coexistent CAD in patients with symptomatic bradyarrhythmias and its relationship to conventional coronary risk factors in Chinese people.
From May 1996 to April 1998, we prospectively studied all consecutive patients admitted to our institution for symptomatic bradyarrhythmias requiring permanent pacemaker implantation. Coronary angiographies were performed non-selectively at the same session of pacemaker implantation. Based on the presence or absence of CAD, patients were divided into two groups for analysis. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to determine independent predictors of CAD including sex, age, diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and smoking. The odds-ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were determined.
A total of 113 patients [68 males and 45 females, mean age 70.4 ±8.2 years old (range 45-86)] were included in our study. The diagnosis was sick sinus syndrome in 69 patients (61%) and atrioventricular block in 44 patients (39%). The incidence of CAD based on coronary angiography was 20%. The nodal-related artery was seldom involved among patients with coexistent CAD and symptomatic bradyarrhythmias (9%), and most patients had significant stenosis over LAD (74%). The baseline characteristics and presenting symptoms were not different statistically between patients with or without CAD. Hypercholesterolemia (OR 6.6, 95% CI 2.0-22.2, p=0.002) and DM (OR 4.7, 95% CI 1.3-17.2, p=0.020) were the two most significant independent predictors of CAD.
In our patients with symptomatic bradyarrhythmias requiring permanent cardiac pacing, the incidence of CAD was 20% as determined by coronary angiography (CAG). Hypercholesterolemia and DM were the two most significant independent predictors for CAD in these patients. The nodal artery was seldom involved in patients with coexistent CAD and symptomatic bradyarrhythmias.