2008 Volume 87 Issue 9 Pages 749-752
Utilization of biomass is discussed from the point of gasification, mechanical and electric power generation. The situation of biomass utilization varies greatly depending upon the socio-economic conditions as well as availability of the technologies. Thus the present conditions in the Philippines, Thailand and Myanmar appear to be very different reflecting the levels of economic growth of their own countries. In any case, the utilization of biomass with more efficient energy system is going to be even more important in the future because of the increased concerns of fuel price as well as global environment. International horizontal division of work and public private partnership, in cooperation with academic institutions, NPOs and agencies concerned, will be necessary for the implementation of the site specific technologies meeting the regional needs in the individual countries.