2014 Volume 93 Issue 10 Pages 986-994
This work aims at investigating correlations between primary pyrolysis characteristics of lignin and chemical structure of lignin feedstock. Three different types of lignin samples were prepared through enzymatic hydrolysis, organosolv extraction, and Klason procedure. Analysis by FT-IR and solid state 13C-NMR revealed that the lignin samples exhibited different contents of aromatic carbons, connection carbons, methoxyl carbons, and aliphatic side chains. The three lignin samples were pyrolyzed in a two-stage-tubular reactor at 650 ℃, and pyrolysis products were analyzed with gas chromatographs on-line. More than fifty compounds including inorganic gases, light hydrocarbons (LHs), aromatic hydrocarbons (AHs), phenol derivatives and light non-phenolic oxy-compounds (NPOCs) were gaschromatographically separable and quantified. The influence of the lignin structures on the pyrolysis characteristics was studied, and the correlation of product distribution and lignin chemical structures was examined. The total carbon selectivity into char and tar was increased with increasing lignin aromaticity. Methoxyl group and aliphatic substituents likely contributed for enhancing char formation, while hydrogen in lignin enhanced tar formation. Yields of LHs and NPOCs were increased with increasing aliphatic carbons of the lignin samples. AHs were formed from gas-phase recombination of LHs such as olefins, diolefines and alkynes, rather than directly from aromatic structures in the original lignin likely because of high energy required to cleavage carbon-oxygen bond existed in major structural units such as syringols or guaiacols.