2013 Volume 27 Issue 2 Pages 102-109
The numerical procedure for hydroplaning was developed by considering the following three important factors; fluid/structure interaction, tire rolling, and practical tread pattern. The tire is analyzed by FEM with Lagrangian formulation and the fluid is analyzed by FVM with Eulerian formulation. Since the tire and the fluid are modeled separately and their coupling is automatically computed by the coupling element, the fluid/structure interaction of the complex geometry such as the tire with the tread pattern can be analyzed practically. The predictability was validated by comparing the hydroplaning simulation with the experiment on the subjects such as the water flow, the velocity dependence of hydroplaning, and the effect of the tread pattern on hydroplaning. In order to predict the streamline in the contact patch, the procedure of the global-local analysis was developed. The predicted streamline enabled us to develop the new tire pattern in a short period based on the principle; “make the stream line smooth”.