Japanese Journal of Phytopathology
Online ISSN : 1882-0484
Print ISSN : 0031-9473
ISSN-L : 0031-9473
Efficient Production of a Synthetic Periclinal Chimera of Citrus ‘NF-5’ for Introduction of Disease Resistance
Yoshihiro OHTSU
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1994 Volume 60 Issue 1 Pages 82-88

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Abstract

An improved method named DHS (Direction-Hormone-Slowlygrowing)-method for efficient introduction of disease resistance to chimera was developed. The connective part of two hypocotyls {‘Kawano-natsudaidai’ (Citrus natsudaidai Hayata) moderately resistant to CTV and ‘Fukuhara orange’ (Citrus sinensis)} grafted together was cut horizontally. Then the hypocotyl of ‘Kawano-natsudaidai’ of the connective part was further cut at an angle of 60° against the stem direction. The cut surface of the hypocotyls was treated with plant hormones. Each treated hypocotyl was covered with paraffin film and grown under light in the laboratory. A slowly-growing adventitious bud produced on the cut surface of ‘Kawano-natsudaidai’ near to the border of the two varieties was selected and grown in a greenhouse. A synthetic periclinal chimera of citrus composed of Germ layer II & III of ‘Kawano-natsudaidai’ (N) covered with Layer I of ‘Fukuhara orange’ (F) was easily obtained by treatment with a mixture of 50μM gibberellin A3, 1μM 6-benzylaminopurine and 1μM α-naphtaleneacetic acid. The scientific name Citrus natsudaidai+sinensis and the variety name ‘NF-5’ is proposed for the synthetic Periclinal chimera of citrus. The DHS method makes it easy to introduce a tissue resistant to citrus canker and citrus tristeza virus into Layer II & III of citrus. A simple way to identify a variety of a tissue from Layer II & III by HPLC was also established.

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