2014 Volume 17 Issue 1 Pages 40
Purpose: To assess the impact of left ventricular systolic dysfunction and cardio-renal anemia syndrome (CRAS) on activity of daily living (ADL) and walking ability in patients with heart failure. Methods: Two hundreds fifty-five patients (49 % of a woman, 79 ± 11 years) of decompensated heart failure were selected and divided into 2 groups depending on left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF); 119 HFrEF groups (LVEF ＜40 % ) and 137 HFpEF groups (LVEF ≧40 ％). Serum hemoglobin (Hb): male ＜12 g/dl and female ＜11 g/dl was defined as anemia, estimated glomerular filtration rate ＜60 ml/min/1.73 m2 was defined as chronic kidney disease (CKD), and CRAS was classified into three groups (A group: neither CKD nor anemia, B group: either CKD or anemia, C group: both CKD and anemia). We investigated the Barthel index (BI) and walking ability of pre-hospital admission and at discharge. Results: BI and walking ability of pre-hospital admission and at discharge in HFpEF group were lower than those in HFrEF group, respectively (p ＜0.05). There is no interaction between CRAS and BI in both HFrEF and HFpEF group. However, there was the main effect of CRAS to BI in only HFrEF group (p ＜0.05). Conclusion: ADL level and walking ability in HFpEF group were lower than that in HFrEF group. On the other hand, ADL level was deteriorated depending on severity of CRAS in HFrEF group.