Journal of the Japanese Physical Therapy Association
Online ISSN : 2188-8361
Print ISSN : 1344-1272
ISSN-L : 1344-1272
Original article
Fair as a Percentage of Normal Using Manual Muscle Testing of Knee Extensor Strength
Haruhiko SatoMasashi MiuraPaul D. Andrew
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1999 Volume 2 Issue 1 Pages 1-5


We explored the extent to which fair knee extensors might be judged to be weaker than the normal knee extensors of healthy young adults. To obtain quantitative data for normal strength of knee extensors, we recorded knee torque in 20 healthy young subjects using an isokinetic dynamometer, and calculated muscle strength equivalent to fair, including the effect of inertial force, using a rigid body model. The results showed that fair torque as a percentage of actual normal torque at 60 degrees per second was 4.8 ± 1.2% (mean ± standard deviation) among the men and 4.6 ± 1.0% among the women. This difference in per cent strength was not statistically significant between men and women.

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© 1999 by the Japanese Physical Therapy Association
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