The Journal of Medical Investigation
Online ISSN : 1349-6867
Print ISSN : 1343-1420
Reviews
Diagnostic imaging in patients with retinitis pigmentosa
Yoshinori MitamuraSayaka Mitamura-AizawaToshihiko NagasawaTakashi KatomeHiroshi EguchiTakeshi Naito
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2012 Volume 59 Issue 1,2 Pages 1-11

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Abstract

Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a progressive inherited retinal disease, and patients with RP have reduced visual function caused by a degeneration of the photoreceptors and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). At the end stage of RP, the degeneration of the photoreceptors in the fovea reduces central vision, and RP is one of the main causes of acquired blindness in developed countries. Therefore, morphological and functional assessments of the photoreceptors in the macula area can be useful in estimating the residual retinal function in RP patients. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a well-established method of examining the retinal architecture in situ. The photoreceptor inner/outer segment (IS/OS) junction is observed as a distinct, highly reflective line by OCT. The presence of the IS/OS junction in the OCT images is essential for normal visual function. Fundus autofluorescence (FAF) results from the accumulation of lipofuscin in the RPE cells and has been used to investigate RPE and retinal function. More than one-half of RP patients have an abnormally high density parafoveal FAF ring (AF ring). The AF ring represents the border between functional and dysfunctional retina. In this review, we shall summarize recent progress on diagnostic imaging in eyes with RP. J. Med. Invest. 59: 1-11, February, 2012

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© 2012 by The University of Tokushima Faculty of Medicine
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