The Journal of Medical Investigation
Online ISSN : 1349-6867
Print ISSN : 1343-1420
ISSN-L : 1343-1420
Originals
Protein kinase C-δ signaling regulates glucagon secretion from pancreatic islets
Kiyotake YamamotoHiroyuki MizuguchiNatsumi TokashikiMakoto KobayashiMotoyuki TamakiYouichi SatoHiroyuki FukuiAiko Yamauchi
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2017 Volume 64 Issue 1.2 Pages 122-128

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Abstract

Accumulating evidence supports the “glucagonocentric hypothesis”, in which antecedent α-cell failure and inhibition of glucagon secretion are responsible for diabetes progression. Protein kinase C (PKC) is involved in glucagon secretion from α-cells, although which PKC isozyme is involved and the mechanism underlying this PKC-regulated glucagon secretion remains unknown. Here, the involvement of PKCδ in the onset and progression of diabetes was elucidated. Immunofluorescence studies revealed that PKCδ was expressed and activated in α-cells of STZ-induced diabetic model mice. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) stimulation significantly augmented glucagon secretion from isolated islets. Pre-treatment with quercetin and rottlerin, PKCδ signaling inhibitors, significantly suppressed the PMA-induced elevation of glucagon secretion. While Go6976, a Ca2+-dependent PKC selective inhibitor did not suppress glucagon secretion. Quercetin suppressed PMA-induced phosphorylation of Tyr311 of PKCδ in isolated islets. However, quercetin itself had no effect on either glucagon secretion or glucagon mRNA expression. Our data suggest that PKCδ signaling inhibitors suppressed glucagon secretion. Elucidation of detailed signaling pathways causing PKCδ activation in the onset and progression of diabetes followed by the augmentation of glucagon secretion could lead to the identification of novel therapeutic target molecules and the development of novel therapeutic drugs for diabetes. J. Med. Invest. 64: 122-128, February, 2017

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© 2017 by The University of Tokushima Faculty of Medicine
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