The Journal of Medical Investigation
Online ISSN : 1349-6867
Print ISSN : 1343-1420
ISSN-L : 1343-1420
Role of Epiligament in Ligamentum Flavum Hypertrophy in Patients  with Lumbar Spinal Canal Stenosis:a Pilot Study
Nori SatoKosaku HigashinoToshinori SakaiTomoya TeraiVijay K. GoelAshok BiyaniNabil EbraheimYoichiro TakataFumio HayashiKazuta YamashitaMasatoshi MorimotoHiroaki ManabeKoichi Sairyo
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2018 Volume 65 Issue 1.2 Pages 85-89

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Abstract

Ligamentum flavum (LF) hypertrophy is one of the main factors of lumbar spinal canal stenosis (LSCS). The primary object of this study is to clarify the existence of epiligament in the LF and its role in hypertrophy, and to develop an LF hypertrophy animal model. A cadaveric spine from a 30‐year‐old man was used to investigate the existence of epiligament in LF. Five LF samples from LSCS patients were obtained to evaluate hypertrophied LF. To create a rat model, we destabilized the lumbar spine. Each LF was sagittally cut for histological evaluation. The epiligament was clearly evident in normal LF specimens, which stained pink on Elastica van Gieson and green on Masson Trichrome. One layer was observed on the dural side and another on the dorsal side of the LF. LSCS patients had an enlarged dorsal epiligament, at around 30 times that of the regular thin epiligament on the dural side. The destabilized rat model showed an enlarged dorsal epiligament, with a mean thickness 8‐fold that of the control. LF hypertrophy may be due to enlargement of the dorsal epiligament. Mechanical loading of the LF is an important factor for inducing hypertrophy in the rat model. J. Med. Invest. 65:85‐89, February, 2018

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© 2018 by The University of Tokushima Faculty of Medicine
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