The Journal of Medical Investigation
Online ISSN : 1349-6867
Print ISSN : 1343-1420
ISSN-L : 1343-1420
Effect of Janus kinase inhibition by tofacitinib on body composition and glucose metabolism
Momoko ChikugoMayu SebeRie TsutsumiMarina IuchiJun KishiMasashi KurodaNagakatsu HaradaYasuhiko NishiokaHiroshi Sakaue
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2018 Volume 65 Issue 3.4 Pages 166-170

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Abstract

Tofacitinib is the first Janus Kinase (JAK) inhibitor to treat moderately to severely active RA. In this study, we investigated whether the effect of tofacitinib have any effects on body composition in mice and female patients with RA. Female C57BL/6 mice fed with a high‐fat diet were treated with 30 mg/kg/day tofacitinib or vehicle for 70 days. Following treatment, trunk muscle, subcutaneous fat, and visceral fats were measured using X‐ray computed tomography CT scan. Glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity were assessed. In female RA patients treated with biological disease modified anti‐rheumatic‐drugs (biological DMARDs) or tofacitinib (n=4 per group), we also evaluated the body composition after 3 months from the start of treatment initiation using bioelectrical impedance analysis. Treatment with tofacitinib did not affect the body weight, and body composition in C57BL/6 mice. It also did not affect glucose, and insulin tolerance in mice. In patients with RA, treatment with biological DMARDs did not affect the body composition whereas the muscle mass was unchanged after receiving tofacitinib and the fat mass was significantly increased. J. Med. Invest. 65:166‐170, August, 2018

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© 2018 by The University of Tokushima Faculty of Medicine
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