Journal of Solid Mechanics and Materials Engineering
Online ISSN : 1880-9871
ISSN-L : 1880-9871
Internal Friction at Elevated Temperatures and Microplasticity of Aluminum Matrix Composites
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2009 Volume 3 Issue 2 Pages 126-137


Aluminum matrix composites (70vol%SiC/Al, 55vol%SiC/Al, 60vol%Al2O3/Al, 70vol%AlN/Al, and 30vol%SiC/Al) were prepared by the infiltration and the casting methods. The internal friction and the microplasticity of these composites were measured with a Föppel-Pertz torsion pendulum apparatus over the temperature range of 303 to 853 K and the strain range of 3×10-5 to 3×10-3. The internal friction of these composites increases with increasing temperature and increases rapidly over 600 to 800 K, while their shear modulus gradually decrease and rapidly decrease over 600 to 800 K. The internal friction of the composites at elevated temperatures is caused by relaxations due to the interfacial diffusion between a reinforcement phase and Al and due to the plastic flow at grain boundaries. The activation energy of the interfacial diffusion is 40.7-56.7 kJ/mol for SiC/Al, 62.1 kJ/mol for Al2O3/Al, and 27.7 kJ/mol for AlN/Al, respectively. The activation energy of the plastic flow is 42.3-119 kJ/mol. The internal friction of the infiltration composites remarkably depends on strain amplitude rather than that of the casting composites. The Granato-Lücke plots of the composites show a linear relationship, indicating that the increase in internal friction with increasing shear strain is caused by the vibration energy loss due to the dislocation damping mechanism. The dislocation mobility of the infiltration composites is larger than that of the casting composites. The specific damping capacity and Young's modulus of 70vol%SiC are higher than those of 70vol%AlN.

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© 2009 by The Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers
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