The East Asian summer monsoon is characterized by strong interactions among its components in the meridional direction. The atmospheric convection over the Philippine Sea (PSAC), the western North Pacific subtropical high (WNPSH) and the East Asian westerly jet stream (EAJ) are all closely related to the summer rainfall in East Asia. In this study, we examined the relationship on the interannual timescale among these factors, by using the National Centers for Environmental Prediction/National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCEP/NCAR) Re-analysis data and satellite-observed outgoing long-wave radiation (OLR) data for the 20-year period from 1979 to 1998.
It is found that the PSAC-EAJ relation is weak in June, but strong in July and August. Similar difference exists in the relationship between the PSAC and convective activity along the East Asian summer rainy belt. Corresponding to enhanced PSAC, the EAJ is weakened in July and strengthened in August, and tends to exhibit a slight poleward displacement in both months. All these variations in the EAJ intensity and meridional displacement, on the other hand, correspond to suppressed convection along the East Asian summer rainy belt. Finally, the monthly difference in the PSAC-EAJ relation is interpreted by the role of vertical shear of zonal wind. The easterly shear in July and August over the Philippine Sea excites external modes, which are necessary for the tropical-extratropical teleconnection mechanism according to previous numerical studies, but the neutral shear in June is inefficient in exciting external modes.
2004 by Meteorological Society of Japan