Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan. Ser. II
Online ISSN : 2186-9057
Print ISSN : 0026-1165
Articles
Analytical Solutions of Vortex Rossby Waves in a Discrete Barotropic Model
Takahiro ITOHirotada KANEHISA
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2013 Volume 91 Issue 6 Pages 775-788

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Abstract

 The initial value problem of vortex Rossby waves (VRWs) is analytically solved in a linearized barotropic system on an f plane. The basic axisymmetric vorticity q is assumed to be piecewise uniform in the radial direction so that the radial gradient dq/dr and the disturbance vorticity q are expressed in terms of Dirac delta functions. After Fourier transformation in the azimuthal direction with the wavenumber m, the linearized vorticity equation becomes a system of ordinary differential equations with respect to time; these can be analytically solved to give a closed-form solution with a prescribed initial value.
 For a monopolar q, the solution of q starting from the innermost radius exhibits the outward propagation of VRWs. As the outer disturbances are generated, the inner disturbance is diminished. On the other hand, in the case of a solution forced at the innermost radius, the inner disturbance is not diminished, and the outward propagation of VRWs forms a distribution of spiral-shaped disturbance vorticity.
 For a basic vorticity q with a moat, and if the radial distribution of q satisfies a certain additional condition, the solution of q with |m| ≠ 1 grows exponentially or linearly in time as a result of the interaction of counterpropagating VRWs near the moat. Although the solution of q with |m| = 1 cannot grow exponentially for any q, it can grow as a linear function of time. This linear growth may be regarded as a result of resonance between two internal modes of the system.

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© 2013 by Meteorological Society of Japan
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