2020 Volume 98 Issue 1 Pages 169-187
This study investigates a new possible process linking the quasi-stationary Rossby wave propagation (SWP) over Eurasia along the Asian jet and the Pacific-Japan (PJ) pattern through the Rossby wave breaking (RWB) near the jet exit region during boreal summer using a reanalysis dataset. To assess the statistical significance of the process, we conduct a lag composite analysis of the past 44 RWB events east of Japan. The result of the lag composite analysis shows that the SWP along the Asian jet induces the RWB accompanied by an amplified anomalous anticyclone east of Japan. The associated “inverse-S” shaped overturning of the upper-level potential vorticity (PV) distribution causes the southwestward intrusion of the high PV toward the subtropical western North Pacific (WNP). The Q-vector diagnosis and vorticity budget analysis indicate that the upper-level positive vorticity advection associated with the RWB is an important factor dynamically inducing ascent and reinforcing convection over the subtropical WNP, which in turn excites the subsequent PJ pattern. Classification of the cases by RWB strength indicates that the stronger RWB is significantly related to the stronger preceding SWP and subsequent enhanced PJ pattern, and vice versa. A partial correlation analysis of all the cases quantitatively shows the greater contribution of the upper-level positive vorticity advection over the subtropical WNP to the enhanced convection in this area and the formation of the PJ pattern, compared to that of the anomalous warm sea surface temperature condition. These results show that the SWP along the Asian jet can excite the PJ pattern, through the RWB east of Japan and the consequent intrusion of the high PV toward the subtropical WNP.