Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan. Ser. II
Online ISSN : 2186-9057
Print ISSN : 0026-1165
ISSN-L : 0026-1165
Characteristics of Tropical Cyclones in the Southwest Pacific
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JOURNALS FREE ACCESS Advance online publication

Article ID: 2019-042


 Geographic and meteorological characteristics of 479 tropical cyclones (TCs) in a study domain in the Southwest Pacific (defined by 135°E - 120°W and 5°S - 65°S) over the past 48 TC seasons from 1969–1970 to 2016–2017 were examined using the latest Southwest Pacific Enhanced Archive of Tropical Cyclones dataset. Examined metrics include the geographic distributions of TCs, numbers, intensity, length in days (TC days), accumulated cyclone energy (ACE), and power dissipation index (PDI). The results show increasing TC activities in the western, northwestern, northern and central subdomains of the nine subdomains in the study domain. The average latitudes of TC genesis and TC maximum intensity remained almost unchanged. Most of TCs took southward to southeastward paths, and the majority attained their maximum intensities in the western and central parts of the study domain. The annual number of TCs and TC days decreased over the study period, the numbers of stronger TCs slightly increased whereas stronger TC days increased. The highest annual lifetime-maximum intensity and average annual lifetime-maximum intensity also increased. The highest annual maximum intensification rates did not change much over the study period, nor did ACE and PDI. The results show correlations between highest annual lifetime-maximum intensity to the variations of average sea surface temperature (SST) as well as correlations between TC days to the variations of average SST in the region.

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© The Author(s) 2019. This is an open access article published by the Meteorological Society of Japan under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license.