Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan. Ser. II
Online ISSN : 2186-9057
Print ISSN : 0026-1165
ISSN-L : 0026-1165
Tropical Cyclone Intensity Forecasting with Three Multiple Linear Regression Models and Random Forest Classification
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JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS Advance online publication
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Article ID: 2024-030


 The Statistical Hurricane Intensity Prediction Scheme (SHIPS) is a multiple linear regression model for predicting tropical cyclone (TC) intensity. It has been widely used in operational centers because of forecast stability, high accuracy, easy interpretation, and low computational cost. The Japan Meteorological Agency version of SHIPS is called the Typhoon Intensity Forecasting scheme based on SHIPS (TIFS) and predicts both maximum wind speed and central pressure. Although the addition of new predictors to SHIPS and TIFS has improved its accuracy, predicting TC intensity with a single regression model has limitations. In this study, a new TIFS-based forecasting scheme is developed using data from 2000 to 2021, in which three TIFS regression models corresponding to the intensifying, steady-state, and weakening stages of TCs are introduced and in which the weighted mean of the three TIFS forecasts based on random forest (RF) decision trees is computed as a final intensity forecast. Compared to the conventional TIFS model, the new scheme (TIFS-RF) has better accuracy with improvement rates of up to 12 % at forecast times from 1 to 4 days. The improvement is particularly significant for steady-state TCs, tropical depressions, and TCs undergoing extratropical transition within five days. The accuracy of TIFS-RF forecasts is generally better than that of conventional TIFS forecasts for rapidly intensifying TCs, but much worse for rapidly weakening TCs. This study also confirms that a consensus forecast of the TIFS-RF and Hurricane Weather Research and Forecasting (HWRF) models can overcome the weaknesses of each model used alone.

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© The Author(s) 2024. This is an open access article published by the Meteorological Society of Japan under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license.
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