Volume 70 (1992) Issue 1B Pages 243-256
In this paper, the impacts of the convective activities in the western Pacific warm pool on the interannual and intraseasonal variations of the summer monsoon in East Asia are analyzed by using the observed data for 12 summers from 1978 to 1989. The analyzed results show that both interannual and intraseasonal variabilities of the East Asian summer monsoon are greatly influenced by the convective activities in the warm pool. Generally, the monsoon rainfall is below normal in East Asia and the abrupt change of the monsoon circulation is obvious in the summer of strong convective activities around the Philippines.
The impacts of the convective activities in the warm pool on the summer monsoon in East Asia and the East Asia/Pacific teleconnection pattern of summer circulation anomalies due to the convection are discussed by using the theory of planetary wave propagation and the numerical modelling by the IAP-GCM, respectively.