2021 Volume 15 Issue 4 Pages 246-253
Objective: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is characterized by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) and presents with respiratory symptoms. Overall, 5.7% of COVID-19 patients with severe respiratory status have been reported to develop acute cerebrovascular diseases (CVDs), and 41.3% of COVID-19 cases were considered nosocomial infections. Therefore, Protected Code Stroke, which is a guideline for acute stroke management that takes into account the safety of healthcare workers, has been developed. We created an operational manual for COVID-19 in the endovascular treatment center of our hospital and report our experience treating acute stroke in a COVID-19 patient.
Case Presentation: A 67-year-old man presented with a 5-day history of fever. Chest CT showed ground glass opacity (GGO) on admission, and the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test for COVID-19 was positive. Dysarthria, right-sided hemiparesis, and aphasia were discovered on the morning of the third day after hospitalization. MRI showed an acute ischemic stroke at the left corona radiata and occlusion of the left middle cerebral artery (MCA). Progression of right-sided hemiparesis and exacerbation of respiratory status developed after the MRI. Tracheal intubation was performed, and the patient was treated with intravenous alteplase and mechanical thrombectomy (MT). Recanalization of blood flow was not obtained, and the neurological deficits remained.
Conclusion: MT was performed for large-vessel occlusion (LVO) in a COVID-19 patient during the COVID-19 pandemic. Safety for healthcare workers and appropriate rapid treatment for acute stroke patients are both vital in the current environment.