Journal of Neuroendovascular Therapy
Online ISSN : 2186-2494
Print ISSN : 1882-4072
ISSN-L : 1882-4072
CASE REPORTS
Mechanical Thrombectomy for Bihemispheric Infarction Caused by Acute Unilateral Internal Carotid Artery Occlusion in a Patient with Contralateral Chronic Carotid Occlusion: A Case Report
Hidemoto FujiwaraNaoto TsuchiyaTaiki SaitoRyota OhkuraJunichi Yoshimura
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JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS

2022 Volume 16 Issue 5 Pages 270-276

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Abstract

Objective: We report a patient with acute bihemispheric infarction who underwent mechanical thrombectomy.

Case Presentation: A 76-year-old man suddenly developed coma and quadriplegia. Brain MRI and MRA revealed acute bihemispheric infarction due to occlusions of both the internal carotid arteries (ICAs). According to the DSA findings, we considered the left ICA as chronic occlusion and the right as acute. Mechanical thrombectomy for the right ICA occlusion was performed. Total recanalization was achieved using a stent retriever 181 minutes after onset. The left hemisphere was perfused by cross circulation through the anterior communicating artery, but the symptoms did not improve. MRI the day after thrombectomy showed extensive bihemispheric infarction. Recanalization for the bilateral hemispheres was maintained, although the left ICA remained occluded. He died 2 months later due to gastrointestinal bleeding.

Conclusion: Acute bihemispheric infarction due to occlusions of both ICAs is a rare entity. The symptoms are very severe and the therapeutic time window is extremely short because of absent collateral pathways. We should consider pre-existing carotid occlusive disease, determine whether the occlusions are acute or chronic, and perform prompt therapy. Further investigation is warranted to obtain a better outcome.

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© 2022 The Japanese Society for Neuroendovascular Therapy

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