The Journal of Nihon University School of Dentistry
Online ISSN : 1884-2984
Print ISSN : 0029-0432
ISSN-L : 0029-0432
Anti-bacterial action of onion (Allium cepa L.) extracts against oral pathogenic bacteria
Jung-Haeng Kim
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1997 Volume 39 Issue 3 Pages 136-141


In this study, the focus was on the antibacterial activity of onions. This study researched the activities of onion extracts on Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus, the main causal bacteria for dental caries, and Porphyromonas gingivalis and Prevotella intermedia, considered to be the main causal bacteria of adult periodontitis.
The results showed that the onion extracts possess an effect on all test bacterial strains (S.mutans JC-2, S. sobrinus OMZ176, P. gingivalis ATCC 33277 and P. intermedia ATCC 25611), and the effects were bactericidal against cultured and resting bacterial cells. The activity of the onion extracts was stable even after 48 hours in the culture medium. This result suggests that no decomposition or volatility of onion extracts occurred in the culture medium. The antibacterial activity of onion extracts was not markedly influenced by cysteine (10 mM) treatment. However, activity significantly decreased with alkali treatment. Grated onion left to stand at 37T for 48 hours did not show antibacterial activity. Also, activity of steam treated (100°C, 10 min.) onion was not observed. Using avicel plate by thin layer chromatography with the solvent of n-butanol : acetic acid : water (3 : 3 : 1), the main component of the substance (the substance which develops color with ninhydrin) was observed at an Rf value of about 0.9.

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