This study examined people's attitudes toward various kinds of urban planning regulations, through a questionnaire survey administered to 2,993 residents in Japan. Based on the responses, land uses were classified into three types, depending on whether residents' evaluations were positive on average and varied little (parks, shopping streets, and bus stops), were positive but varied greatly (train stations), or were negative and varied little (short-term apartments, warehouses, and graves). As a reason for disliking specific land uses or facilities, many residents gave the annoyance by noise or passers-by. When residents were asked to evaluate the disliked land uses supposing that the unpleasant factors were reduced, their evaluations for schools, parks, shopping streets, hospitals, bus stops, and train stations improved, but those for garbage disposal facilities, parking lots, warehouses, amusement facilities, and graves did not. The possibility of applying performance-based regulation methods to urban residential planning is discussed.
2013 The City Planning Institute of Japan