Journal of Physical Education and Medicine
Online ISSN : 1883-0722
Print ISSN : 1345-6962
ISSN-L : 1345-6962
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Study of the fall prediction of schizophrenic patients of psychiatric hospitals in the hospital
Taro OKAMURAAkiko HAYASHIShinsuke MATSUOYoko AIDAJunichi KINOHaruna MAKIOMiwa TSUJI
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JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

2014 Volume 15 Issue 1 Pages 1-6

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Abstract

[Purpose] The purpose of this research is to study the possibility of predicting the probability of falling in schizophrenic patients in psychiatric hospitals from the frequency of falls in such patients in the past.
[Methods] The surveys targeted 35 schizophrenic patients (23 male patients and 12 female patients of an average age of 53.685, S.D11.248) who gave their consent and cooperated with the survey in two psychiatric hospitals and who were still in the target hospitals three months after the surveys were commenced. The duration of hospitalization of the subjects at the beginning of the survey, their antipsychotic medication (chlorpromazine converted amounts), their frequency of falling and tripping over the last two months, the extent of their anxiety about walking and SF-8 at the commencement of the surveys were investigated. In addition, explanatory variables are selected by the statical significance test. And the multiple logistic regression analysis performed using these elements as explanatory variables and the incidence or non-incidence of accidents such as falling during the 3-month follow-up survey as objective variables.
[Results] The follow-up survey revealed nine incidents of falling. A significant relationship was discovered with the frequency of falling during the last two months with an odds ratio of 3.064 and a 95% confidence interval (1.032-9.102), P=0.044. No relationship with falling was observed with the male to female sex ratio, the length of hospitalization, age, antipsychotic medication and SF-8.
[Conclusions] From interviews conducted with schizophrenic patients in psychiatric hospitals regarding the frequency of falling during the last two months, it was confirmed that the results were significant in terms of predicting the probability of falling over a 3-month period.

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© 2014 Journal of Physical Education and Medicine Editorial Committee
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