Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Online ISSN : 1347-8648
Print ISSN : 1347-8613
ISSN-L : 1347-8613
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Pharmacological Profiles of the Novel Analgesic M58996 in Rat Models of Persistent and Neuropathic Pain
Yasushige AkadaReiko MoriKazuyuki MatsuuraKazuhiro SuzukiKazuo KatoMasatsugu KamiyaHiroyasu NabaMisao KurokawaTakuo OgiharaYutaka KatoFumiaki YamasakiIchiro Yamamoto
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2006 Volume 102 Issue 2 Pages 205-212

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Abstract

We investigated the effects of 4-(N-{1-[2-(4-cyanophenyl)ethyl]-4-hydroxypiperidin-4-ylmethyl}-N-methylamino)benzoic acid monohydrochloride (M58996), a novel analgesic, on persistent and neuropathic pain in rats. In the formalin test, oral M58996 (0.3 – 10 mg/kg) reduced nociceptive behaviors only in the late phase. In the neuropathic pain model, oral M58996 (1 – 10 mg/kg) attenuated mechanical allodynia and heat hyperalgesia in the nerve-injured paw without affecting normal responses of the uninjured paw. High doses (10 – 100 mg/kg) of oral M58996 did not influence normal motor function. Thus, M58996 had a wide dose range showing antinociceptive, antiallodynic, and antihyperalgesic effects without motor dysfunction. In addition, we studied the possible mechanisms involved in the M58996-induced antinociception. The antinociceptive effect of M58996 was reversed by intrathecal pertussis toxin, an inhibitor of the inhibitory- and other-GTP-binding protein (Gi/o protein), but not by subcutaneous naloxone, an opioid-receptor antagonist. This effect was also reversed by intracerebroventricular or intrathecal tropisetron, a 5-hydroxytryptamine3 (5-HT3)-receptor antagonist, and intraperitoneal bicuculline, a γ-aminobutyric acidA (GABAA)-receptor antagonist. These results suggest that M58996 produces its antinociceptive effect by a pertussis toxin-sensitive G protein mechanism. In addition, the GABA released by the activation of supraspinal and/or spinal 5-HT3 receptors is likely to contribute to the M58996-induced antinociception.

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© The Japanese Pharmacological Society 2006
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