2010 Volume 112 Issue 2 Pages 251-254
The present study was designed to elucidate the involvement of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) release from activated microglia in the induction of blood–brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction in an in vitro co-culture system with mouse brain capillary endothelial cells (MBEC4) and microglia. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)–activated microglia increased the permeability of MBEC4 cells to sodium-fluorescein, and this hyper-permeability was blocked by a neutralizing antibody against TNF-α. LPS stimulated microglia to facilitate TNF-α release. These findings suggested that TNF-α released from activated microglia is attributable to BBB dysfunction.