Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Online ISSN : 1347-8648
Print ISSN : 1347-8613
ISSN-L : 1347-8613
Critical Review
NOX/NADPH Oxidase, the Superoxide-Generating Enzyme: Its Transcriptional Regulation and Physiological Roles
Masato Katsuyama
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2010 Volume 114 Issue 2 Pages 134-146

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Abstract

NADPH oxidase is a superoxide (O2)-generating enzyme first identified in phagocytes that shows bactericidal activities. It has been reported that O2 is also produced in an NADPH-dependent manner in non-phagocytes. In the last decade, non-phagocyte-type NADPH oxidases have been identified, and the catalytic subunit NOX family has been found to be composed of five homologs, NOX1 to NOX5, and two related enzymes, DUOX1 and DUOX2. These NOX proteins have distinct features in dependency on other components for maximal enzymatic activity, tissue distribution, expressional regulation, and physiological functions. This review summarized the distinct characteristics of NOX family proteins, especially focusing on their functions and mechanisms of their expressional regulation.

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© The Japanese Pharmacological Society 2010
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