1988 Volume 46 Issue 1 Pages 17-25
The protective effect of cetraxate, an antiulcer and antigastritis agent, on HCl·ethanol-induced gastric lesions was investigated in rats. Oral administration of 1 ml of HCl·ethanol (60% ethanol in 150 mM HCI) induced within 1 hr linear hemorrhagic necrosis in the gastric mucosa. Either oral or intraperitoneal treatment with cetraxate (30-300 mg/kg) significantly inhibited such macroscopic gastric lesions in a dose-related manner, and the inhibition at the oral highest dose (300 mg/kg) was practically complete. Histological analysis also confirmed that cetraxate effectively prevented deep mucosal necrosis, but showed that it was without protective effect on the surface epithelial disruption and submucosal edema in response to HCl·ethanol. The antilesion activity of cetraxate was of statistically significance for at least 3 hr after a single injection, and it was hardly affected by the removal of the gastric contents just prior to application of the necrotizing agent. However, subcutaneous treatment of rats with indomethacin (5 mg/kg) resulted in a partial but significant attenuation in the protection afforded by cetraxate, suggesting that dual mechanisms related and unrelated to endogenous prostaglandins may be involved in its protective activity. The results demonstrate that cetraxate is a potent cytoprotective agent effectively preventing the formation of gastric mucosal necrosis induced by HCl·ethanol.