The present study was designed to examine and compare the acute effects of lisinopril (20 mg) and enalapril (10 mg) after a single oral administration on the inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in eight normal subjects. Serum concentration of lisinopril and enalaprilat, an active metabolite of enalapril, reached the respective maximal levels at 6 and 4 hr after administration of the drugs. At 24 hr, the serum concentration of lisinopril was higher than that of enalapril; thus the rate of disappearance of lisinopril was retarded, in comparison to that of enalapril. The reduction of serum angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) activity was consistent with the pattern of increase of concentration of the drugs in the serum. However, with these two drugs, the concentration of plasma ANG II was decreased in a similar manner, and it returned to the pretreatment level within 24 hr. Thus, there was no significant difference in ANG II levels throughout the 24 hrstudy between the lisinopril and enalapril treatment. The results indicate that a single administration of 20 mg lisinopril and 10 mg enalapril show similar potency for lowering the circulating ANG II level, although lisinopril exerts a more sustained inhibition of serum ACE activity. The measurement of ANG II provides useful informations for evaluating the efficacy of ACE inhibitors for the inhibition of circulatory RAS.
The Japanese PharmacologicalSociety