1992 Volume 60 Issue 2 Pages 91-96
Tranilast, an anti-allergic drug inhibiting the release of substances such as histamine and prostaglandins from mast cells, was previously reported to suppress collagen synthesis of fibroblasts derived from keloid tissues. However, the inhibitory mechanism on collagen synthesis is unknown. We studied its inhibitory mechanism on collagen synthesis by culturing fibroblasts from keloid and hypertrophic scar tissues of humans. Collagen synthesis of fibroblasts from keloid and hypertrophic scar tissue is greater than that from healthy human skin. Tranilast (3-100 μM) did not inhibit prolyl hydroxylase (the rate-limiting enzyme in collagen synthesis) activity. Tranilast (3-300 μM) suppressed the collagen synthesis of fibroblasts from keloid and hypertrophic scar tissue but not healthy skin fibroblasts. Tranilast (30-300 μM) inhibited the release of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 from keloid fibroblasts, which enhances the collagen synthesis of keloid fibroblasts. Anti-TGF-β1 antibody (50 μl/ml) inhibited the collagen synthesis, although diphenhydramine (10 μM) and indomethacin (10 μM) did not show any inhibition. These results suggest that tranilast inhibits collagen synthesis of fibroblasts from keloid and hypertrophic scar tissue through suppressing the release of TGF-β1 from the fibroblasts themselves.