2009 Volume 100 Issue 6 Pages 609-614
(Purpose) We retrospectively reviewed 107 patients of upper urinary tract carcinoma to determine the overall outcome, prognostic factors, frequency of subsequent bladder cancer and role of adjuvant therapy.
(Materials and methods) 107 patients of upper urinary tract carcinoma, who underwent surgical treatment at Sumitomo Hospital between January 1992 and June 2007 were reviewed. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox's proportional hazard model were used.
(Results) Five-year disease specific survival, progression free survival and bladder recurrence free rates in all patients were 88.1%, 51.2% and 64.9% respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed squamous differentiation to be the most important prognostic factor. Five-year disease specific survival in locally advanced upper urinary tract carcinoma treated with adjuvant chemoradiation was 74.0%, which was not statistically different from it without chemoradiation.
(Conclusion) Our series suggests that the adjuvant chemoradiation does not improve the outcome in patients with locally advanced upper urinary tract carcinoma.