Japanese Review of Cultural Anthropology
Online ISSN : 2424-0494
Print ISSN : 2432-5112
ISSN-L : 2432-5112
JJCA Vol.85-1 Extended Summaries
Difficulties and Expectations of Living Together
Co-residence and Hospitality in a Village of ‘Are‘are, Solomon Islands
Hidenori Samoto
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2020 Volume 21 Issue 1 Pages 523-528


This paper focuses on the practice of co-residence and indigenous logic of hospitality in ‘Are‘are, the southern part of Malaita Island in the Solomon Islands. Many villages in the region hold more than a dozen families - several, based on the principle of paternal origin and husbandry, have been settled in these village for generations. Then there are also frequent visits by different people, such as those made for fixing marriage alliance and short ones by relatives and friends. Moreover, since the flourishing of the indigenous movement in the middle of the 20th century, a village has generally held several families from different clans. In such a situation, welcoming visitors and living together are essential issues for the region‘s people today, and they face these challenges in their own ways. This paper explores how the ‘Are‘are people can continue to live together by persisting with attempts to manage their differences in their daily lives.


Few anthropological studies of Melanesia address hospitality as a subject. However, as Roy Wagner notes, in pointing out such a trend, the treatment of the strange and otherness has traditionally been a major concern (2012). Rupert Stasch, for example, portrays the style of social relations of the Korowai people of West Papua based on their internal engagement with others (2009). In addition, Ryuju Satomi, who conducted fieldwork on Malaita Island, has researched the non-identity of the social group in the island‘s northern part from the perspective of focusing on the otherness latent in their social life (2017).

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2020 Japanese Society of Cultural Anthropology
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